FIRST WAVE OF CORONA VIRUS IN INDIA 

The first three cases in India were reported between 30 January and 3 February in Kerala. All three patients had returned from Wuhan, China — the epicenter of what has now been declared a pandemic.More than 3,400 people who were suspected to have come in contact with the three patients were put in quarantine to contain the outbreak.The country’s next two cases were reported nearly a month later, on 3 March — one patient in Delhi who had a travel history to Italy, and the second in Hyderabad, who had travelled Dubai.The same day, another case was later confirmed as positive for corona virus from Jaipur.


FURTHER TIMELINE

As the first three case reported in Kerala it further increases day-by-day.On 12 March, a 76-year-old man who had returned from Saudi Arabia became the first victim of the virus in the country. Confirmed cases crossed 100 on 15 March,500 on 24 March, 1,000 on 28 March, 1,500 on 31 March and 2,000 on 2 April. The death toll crossed 50 on 1 April.




Timeline of the pandemic spread across India (since 30 January 2020)



On 31 March, a Tublighi Jamaat religious congregation event that took place in Delhi in early March emerged as a new virus hotspot after numerous cases across the country were traced back to the event. 281 foreigners among 1830 people who had been staying at the mosque since 8 March were found by Delhi Police in Delhi's Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque where the event was held. About 200 people have shown symptoms of the disease of which, 53 people have been confirmed positive in Delhi so far. Over 128 cases across the country were found to be linked to the event. Tamil Nadu reported more than 190 cases in a day, all who had been to the event. This incident has led to a war footing search for the attendees across the nation.

GOVERMENT ACTION TOWARD COVID-19

On 19 March, during a 30-minute live telecast, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked all citizens to observe 'Janata Curfew' (people's curfew) on 7 am to 9 pm on 22 March. During this curfew he asked everyone, except those involved in essential services, to stay at home. He also asked people to avoid routine checkups and elective surgeries to reduce the burden on the health system. He announced the formation of a COVID-19 Economic Response Task Force. To acknowledge the work being done by various sectors during the outbreak, he urged people to gather in front of their own doors, windows or balconies at 5 pm and applaud them for five minutes. State and local authorities were told to blow the siren to remind people about the same. On 24 March, Modi announced a nationwide lockdown from midnight of that day, for a period of 21 days. He also announced a ₹15,000 crore (US$2.1 billion) aid for the healthcare sector. This money would be used for developing testing 
facilities, PPEsICUsVentilators and for training medical workers. On 3 April ,PM Modi addressed to nation to turn off the lights for nine minutes and lighting the candle on 5 april.






COVID-19 cases in India 
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Jan Feb Mar Apr Last 15 days
Date

1(=)
3(=)
2020-03-20
223(+50)
2020-03-21
283(+60)
2020-03-22
360(+77)
2020-03-23
434(+74)
2020-03-24
519(+85)
2020-03-25
606(+87)
2020-03-26
694(+88)
2020-03-27
834(+140)
2020-03-28
918(+84)
2020-03-29
1,024(+106)
2020-03-30
1,251(+227)
2020-03-31
1,397(+146)
2020-04-01
1,834(+437)
2020-04-02
2,069(+235)




On 13 March, Modi proposed that SAARC nations jointly fight the pandemic, an idea that was welcomed by the leaders of NepalMaldivesSri Lanka BhutanBangladesh, and Afghanistan. On 15 March, after a video conference of SAARC leaders he allocated 74 crore (US$10 million) of funds classified as COVID-19 Emergency Fund for the SAARC countries.Government of India is taking all necessary steps to ensure that we are prepared well to face the challenge and threat posed by the growing pandemic of COVID 19 – the Corona Virus. With active support of the people of India, we have been able to contain the spread of the Virus in our country. The most important factor in preventing the spread of the Virus locally is to empower the citizens with the right information and taking precautions as per the advisories being issued by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.


TRAVEL AND ENTRY RESTRICTION

On 3 March 2020, the Indian government suspended the issuing of new visas and visas already issued for nationals of Italy, Iran, South Korea, and Japan. On 4 March 2020, the Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, announced compulsory screening of all international passengers arriving in India. He also said that so far, 589,000 people have been screened at airports, over one million screened at borders with Nepal and around 27,000 were currently under community surveillance. The government shall also now start universal screening for all passengers flying into India from abroad. Earlier, only passengers coming in from China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore, Nepal, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Malaysia were checked.
On 11 March 2020, the Indian government suspended all visas to India effective from 12:00 GMT on 13 March 2020 except diplomatic, official, United Nations/International organisations, employment and project visas till 15 April 2020. India also suspended visa free travel facility for OCI card holder's till 15 April 2020 and all the Indian nationals coming from COVID-19 hit nations after 15 February needed to be quarantined for 14 days.
From 18 March, the entry of travelers from the European Union, United Kingdom and Turkey was banned till 31 March.This was followed by a ban on other countries such as Afghanistan, Philippines, Malaysia.
As a precautionary measure, the Ministry of Home Affairs suspended travel and registration for Sri Kartarpur Sahib temporarily from 16 March till further orders. Sikkim restricted entry of domestic tourists in the state from 17 March and asked those who are already in the state to leave. Himachal Pradesh banned entry of foreign and domestic tourists on 19 March until further notice. Other states followed such as Uttarakhand, which has also banned tourists till further orders. Punjab banned the use of public transport as of 21 March.

55,785 screened for coronavirus at Mumbai airport so far - The ...
CORONA VIRUS CHECKING AT AIRPORT



TIMELINE OF CLOSEDOWN AND CURFEWS



  • On 5 March, amidst a surge in fresh cases being confirmed in Delhi NCR, the Government of Delhi announced that all primary schools across Delhi would be shut until 31 March as a precaution.
  • On 7 March, primary schools in Jammu district and Samba district were closed down until 31 March after two suspected cases with "high viral load" were reported in Jammu.
  • On 9 March, collector and district magistrate of Pathanamthitta district of Kerala declared three days long holidays for all educational institutions in the district. Karnataka declared indefinite holiday for all kindergarten and pre-primary schools in Bangalore. The holiday was extended to all primary schools up to fifth grade after a confirmed case was reported in the city.
  • On 10 March, Kerala announced closure of all schools and colleges across the state until 31 March, with effect from 11 March.
  • On 12 March, the Chief Minister of Delhi Arvind Kejriwal announced that all schools, colleges and cinema halls in New Delhi would be closed till the end of March and all public places disinfected as a precautionary measure.
  • On 12 March, the Chief Minister of Karnataka B. S. Yediyurappa announced that all educational institutions, malls, cinema halls and pubs would be shut for a week across the state. He also issued prohibitory orders on public events such as parties and weddings.The Government of Odisha, declaring the outbreak a "disaster", announced the closure of educational institutions and cinema halls until the end of the month, as well as prohibition on non-essential official gatherings. The Government of Maharashtra declared the outbreak to be an epidemic in the cities of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad. It announced that all malls, cinema halls, swimming pools and gyms in these cities will be closed until 31 March.
  • On 13 March, the Punjab and Chhattisgarh governments declared holidays in all schools and colleges till 31 March. Manipur government announced that all schools in the state, where examination are not being held would remain closed till 31 March.
  • On 14 March, the Himachal Pradesh chief minister Jai Ram Thakur declared that all educational institutions and theatres would remain closed until 31 March as a precautionary measure in view of the threat of the coronavirus. Also, in the West Bengal government announced that all educational institutions will be closed till 31 March, however the board examinations will be conducted. Maharashtra government closed shopping malls, swimming pools, movie theatres, gyms and asked all schools and colleges in the state's urban areas to remain close till 31 March 2020. Government of Rajasthan announced to close all educational institutions, gyms, and cinema halls till 30 March, however ongoing school and college exams will continue.
  • On 15 March, IIT, Bombay suspended all academic activities till 29 March. In Goa chief minister Pramod Sawant declared that all educational institutions would remain closed until 31 March. While the examinations of the 10th and 12th Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education will be held as per schedule. Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation shut down Jijamata Udyaan till further orders. The Gujarat government announced that all schools, colleges, cinema halls will be closed till 31 March, however the board examinations will be conducted. Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) has postponed all the recruitment exams till 31 March. Vaishno Devi Shrine Board issued an advisory asking non-resident Indians and foreigners not to visit the temple for 28 days after landing in India. The Tamil Nadu and Telangana governments declared closure of schools, malls and theatres till 31 March. Ministry of Culture shut down all monuments and museums under Archaeological Survey of India till 31 March.
  • On 17 March, schools, colleges and multiplexes in Uttar Pradesh were shut down till 2 April and on-going examinations were postponed. BMC ordered private firms in Mumbai to function "only at 50% of their staff capacity or face action under section 188 of the IPC". Rajasthan government banned the gathering of more than 50 people in public places till 31 March. Important tourist destinations in Tamil Nadu were locked down. Authorities in Nilgiris district ordered the closure of tourist sites including Ooty and the tourists staying in hotels and resorts were given 24 hours to leave the city.In Maharashtra, government offices were closed down for seven days. Chandigarh administration ordered the closure of shopping malls, cinema halls, gyms, nightclubs, swimming pools, coaching centres, spas, creches and video game parlours till 31 March. It also banned gatherings of more than a 100 people and census work was postponed. At the same time, Dera chiefs were asked to postpone all religious events till 31 March.The Government has also directed that no more than 50 people are allowed to gather at any place other than weddings. Pondicherry shut down schools, colleges, cinemas and gyms till 31 March. Mumbai Police ordered the closure of pubs, bars and discotheques till 31 March.
  • On 18 March, district magistrate and deputy commissioner of Srinagar district in Jammu and Kashmir said that the entry of all foreign tourists has been banned in the entire union territory. On the other hand, the Directorate of Floriculture, Parks and Horticulture of the state has also extended the Bagh-e-Bahu Garden to the general public from 18 to 31 March to keep the situation under control in the Union Territory.Government of Andhra Pradesh announced closure of all educational institutions till 31 March.
  • On 23 March Chief Minister of Maharashtra announced that borders of all the districts will be closed, and a strict curfew will be implemented statewide.

  

EVACUTIONS OF INDIAN PEOPLE FROM OTHER COUNTRY TO INDIA



The Ministry of External Affairs under Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, Air India and the Indian Air Force have been successful in evacuating many Indian nationals and certain foreign nationals from the virus effected areas.
  • On 1 February, India evacuated 324 people which included three minors, 211 students and 110 working professionals from Wuhan region on its first Air India flight evacuation.
  • On 2 February, India evacuated a second Air India flight carrying 323 Indians and seven Maldivians from Wuhan region.
  • On 7 February, Brazil evacuated 34 Brazilians, four Poles, a Chinese and an Indian national from Wuhan by Air Force planes.On 27 February, Indian Air Force evacuated 112 people from Wuhan, which included 76 Indian nationals and 36 foreign nationals (23 nationals from Bangladesh, 6 from China, 2 each from Myanmar and Maldives and one each from South Africa, USA and Madagascar). This was the third evacuation flight sent by India to Wuhan. India also provided 15 tonnes of medical assistance comprising masks, gloves and other emergency medical equipment to China through the same IAF flight. On the same day, 124 people – 119 Indians and five nationals from Sri Lanka, Nepal, South Africa and Peru were evacuated from Japan by an Air India flight.
  • On 10 March, Indian Air Force's C-17 Globemaster transport aircraft evacuated 58 Indian pilgrims from Iran, the flight took off from Hindon Air Base, Ghaziabad on the evening of 9 March. It also brought back another 44 passengers on 11 March from Iran.
  • On 11 March, 83 people were evacuated from Italy by Air India. The evacuees were 74 Indian citizens and 9 US citizens of Indian origin. All evacuees were placed under quarantine for 14 days in an army facility.
  • On 15 March, 218 Indians from Italy were evacuated by a special Air India flight. The evacuees brought to New Delhi will be shifted to Indo-Tibetan Border Police's camp in Chhawla area where they will be quarantined for 14 days. Later, 234 Indian nationals including 131 students and 103 pilgrims were evacuated from Iran who were quarantined for 14 days in Indian Army's wellness centre facility in Jaisalmer.
  • On 16 March, 53 Indians which includes 52 students and 1 teacher were evacuated from Tehran and Shiraz cities of Iran and were then quarantined at Army wellness centre, Jaisalmer.
  • On 22 March, 263 Indians were evacuated by Air India from Rome, Italy and then were quarantined at Indo-Tibetan Border Police's camp near Delhi.
  • On 29 March, 275 Indians who were evacuated from Iran landed in Jodhpur, and after preliminary screening they were quarantined at Army Wellness Centre Jodhpur.



Coronavirus update: Second case confirmed, 600+ Indians and ...

EVACUTIONS OF INDIAN'S FROM CHINA




TERATMENT IN INDIA 



In Rajasthan, a combination of anti-malaria, anti-Swine flu and anti-HIV drugs resulted into recovery of three patients in March. In same month, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Cipla corporation, launched a joint venture to develop anti-COVID-19 drugs. Pune-based Serum Institute of India is expected to apply for clinical trials of certain strains from Drug Controller General of India. As per company president Adar Poonawalla, a vaccine for COVID-19 will be delivered within an year, however, it may not be effective on 20 to 30% people.
On 23 March, the National Task Force for COVID19 constituted by Indian Council of Medical Research recommended the use of hydroxychloroquine for treatment of COVID19 for high-risk cases.


HOW PEOPLE ARE TREATED IN INDIA

Misinformation and discrimination



  • Despite evidence to the contrary, a viral rumour spread online alleging that only people who eat meat were affected by coronavirus, causing "#NoMeat_NoCoronaVirus" to trend on Twitter. To curb these rumours and combat declining sales, some poultry industry associations held a "Chicken and Egg Mela" in Hyderabad. Several Telangana state ministers were in attendance and ate some of the free eggs and fried chicken being distributed at the event to show their support for the industry.


  • Muslim cleric Ilyas Sharafuddin has stated that Allah has punished the Chinese by unleashing Corona virus on them for their brutal crackdown on Uighur Muslims. His claim was largely criticised and was condemned for passing such communal and insensitive comments.


  • Some politicians like Swami Chakrapani and Suman Haripriya claimed that drinking cow urine and applying cow dung on the body can cure coronavirus. WHO's chief scientist Soumya Swaminathan rubbished such claims and criticised these politicians for spreading misinformation.


  • Reports of harassment of people from Northeast India, which shares a border with Tibet and Myanmar, in Chennai, Pune and Hyderabad have been reported following the outbreak. Students from Kirori Mal College in Delhi, Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Mumbai and other institutes in Kolkata have also faced harassment and filed complaints with authorities.


  • Residents of a village named Korauna in Sitapur district in Uttar Pradesh faced discrimination due to similarity in name of the village with the virus.


  • In March 2020, foreigners from Europe, US and Israel started facing xenophobia and discrimination, including evictions from rented homes.


 WORLD COVID-19 TIMELINE 

HELP

International help

On 18 March, Minister of State for External Affairs V. Muraleedharan stated that the government had sent 15 tons of masks, gloves and other emergency medical equipment by an Indian Air Force jet to China on 26 February. The medical supplies sent to China include one hundred thousand masks, five hundred thousand pairs of gloves, 75 infusion pumps, and 30 internal feeding pumps.

Domestic help

Immediate relief

On 19 March, Kerala chief minister (CM) Pinarayi Vijayan announced a stimulus package of ₹20,000 crore (US$2.8 billion) to help the state overcome both the Covid-19 epidemic and economic hardship caused by it. On 21 March, Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi Adityanath announced ₹1,000 (US$14) to all daily wage labourers. On 22 March, Punjab CM Amarinder Singh announced ₹3,000 (US$42) to all registered construction workers. Telangana CM K. Chandrashekar Rao announced that white ration card holders will be provided ₹1,500 (US$21) per family through ration shops. On 26 March, Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced an economic relief package of ₹1.7 lakh crore (US$24 billion), which would be a mix of food security and direct cash transfer, primarily for migrant labourers and daily wage labourers. Prime Minister's National Relief Fund received several donations - ₹3,381 crore (US$470 million) from the Central Reserve Police Force, and a month's salary from Vice President Venkaiah Naidu, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad and NCP's MPs. NCP President Sharad Pawar announced that his party's MLAs would donate their one month's salary to Maharashtra CM's Reief Fund. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das permitted all banks to provide a moratorium on all loans for three months without having to worry about NPAs and keeping their books healthy. He also laid down various measures for injecting ₹3.74 lakh crore (US$52 billion) liquidity into the system. Saibaba Sansthan Trust, Shirdi donated ₹51 crore (US$7.2 million) to Maharashtra CM's relief fund. The Union Government released ₹4,431 crore (US$620 million) pay off the pending wages of daily wage labourers who come under MGNREGA scheme. In Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal announced that if a doctor, nurse or hygiene worker dies during treatment, their family will be provided Rs 1 crore. HDFC Bank denoted Rs 150 crore.

PM CARES Fund

On 28 March, the Prime Minister's Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund (PM CARES Fund) was set up to provide relief to the affected people. Several large business groups contributed to the relief fund, including Tata Sons and Tata Trusts (1,500 crore), Wipro and Azim Premji Foundation (1,125 crore), Reliance Industries (500 crore) and ONGC (300 crore).

Gas cylinders

On 26 March, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced free gas cylinders for three months to beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.

Rations

On 21 March, Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal increased free ration from 5 kilograms to 7.5 kilograms for the 7.2 million people who are dependent on the ration scheme. On 22 March, Karnataka CM BS Yediyurappa announced two months of free ration for all the people.Andhra Pradesh CM Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy announced free ration for the poor. Telangana CM announced that white ration card holders will be provided with 12 kilograms of free rice per person (against a monthly supply of 6 kilograms per card person) through ration shops. On 23 March, Bihar CM Nitish Kumar announced one month of free ration for all ration card holders.
On 25 March, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar announced that 80 crore (800 million) people would be given wheat at the rate of Rs 2 per kg, and rice at Rs 3 per kg. He also said that three months ration advance would be given.

Masks and supplies

On 25 March, Vivo said that they would be donating 1 lakh surgical and 5,000 N95 masks to Maharashtra government. On 26 March, former Indian cricketers, Irfan Pathan and Yusuf Pathan, made a donation of 4,000 masks.
On 28 March, Hyundai India announced placing an order for 25,000 COVID-19 Advanced Diagnostic Testing Kits from South Korea.
India hasn't experienced COVID-19 related shortages so far.
As of 3 April 2020, Indian Railways had produced total of 2 lakh (200,000) masks and 25,000 sanitisers.

DON'T GET PANICKED IT'S ONLY SMALL VIRUS WHICH INDIAN'S WILL DEFEAT IT.

#STAYHOMESTAYSAFE




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